There is often confusion about muscle cramp and spasm in modern clinical practice. I just tried to explain these terms to lessen the confusion.
Muscle Cramp پٹھوں کا درد
Muscle Spasm پٹھوں کا کھچنا
The spasm occurs abruptly, is painful, and is usually short-lived.
.اچانک اچانک پھیلتا ہے، دردناک ہے، اور عام طور پر مختصر رہتا ہے
Any involuntary muscle contraction, whether or not it is painful.
A painful and involuntary muscular contraction.
.ایک دردناک اور غیر جانبدار پٹھوں کا سکڑاو
A sustained muscle spasm is called a muscle cramp.
So, broadly defined, a muscle cramp is a sub-type of spasm.
Another name of muscle cramps is Charley Horse, a common injury for athletes (especially in the thigh or calf).
Clinical features of Cramps
- Acutely painful and may result in persistent (48–72 hours) soreness, swelling.
- Visible, palpable contraction.
- Usually in one muscle or part of a muscle.
- Stretching the muscle usually terminates cramp, as does flexing the opposing (antagonist) muscles.
Causes of Muscle Spasm
- Muscle fatigue.
- Exercising in heated temperatures.
- Electrolyte imbalances in potassium, magnesium and calcium.
Causes of Muscle Cramps
- No apparent cause
- Nocturnal leg cramps in the elderly
- Lower motor neuron disorders
- After poliomyelitis
- Radiculopathy Neuropathy
- Metabolic disorders
- Diarrhea, vomiting
- Diuretic therapy
- Hereditary disorders
- Antibodies to voltage-gated potassium channels
What does a muscle spasm feel like?
Muscle spasms range in intensity from mild twitches to severe pain. It may show visible signs of twitching(a slight jerk of a body part) or (a short sudden pull or jerk). Spasms may typically last from seconds to 15 minutes or longer.
Medication for Spasm and Cramp:
I think it would be important to check with a physician if you are having repeated cramping, especially throughout the day; some of these conditions are life-threatening. Also, these different causes would all require different treatment, so, unfortunately, there’s no easy one-size-fits-all answer.
Some things that have been tried and have often been found to clinically helpful , but not conclusively identified as “cures” would include medications/supplements including quinone, and supplementation of electrolytes (drinks, foods, or topical sodium, calcium, potassium and magnesium; although which is needed will depend, again, on what the situation is — too much of the wrong mineral and you’ve got another problem). An Ice pack may also be helpful to “turn off” a really brutal, long-lasting cramp, by effectively shutting off the motor endplates, because cold applications slow down nerve conduction.